Mengem, menger, …: Possessive Adjectives in the Dative Case – 2

In the previous lesson you have learned what  possessive adjectives are and how to use them in the nominative & accusative case.

Beispiller (examples)

Seng Schong si schéin. – His shoes are nice. (nominative)

Hues du deng Mamm gefrot. – Did you ask your mother? (accusative)

Remember that when you’re considering which possessive adjective to use and how to use it, there are some factors to bear in mind:

The sentence case – the dative case –  is a factor that requires to change the ending of the possessive adjective.

Should you not be familiar with the dative case I would advise you to revise this lesson!

 

So, in this lesson you are going to learn the

Possessive Adjectives in the dative case

Thumb rule:

For the dative case of possessive pronouns we add the ending em for masculine and neuter nouns. For female nouns we add er and for plural nouns en:

Masculine & Neuter nouns

ech –              mengem  my 
du –                dengem  your 
hien/hatt –    Sengem his/her 
si –                   Hirem (formal)  her 
mir –                Eisem  our 
Dir/dir –          Ärem/ärem  your
si (pl) –            hirem  their 

Feminine nouns

ech –              Menger  my 
du –                Denger  your 
hien/hatt –    Senger his/her 
si –                  Hirer  her
mir –               Eiser our 
Dir/dir –         Ärer / ärer your 
si (pl) –           Hirer their 

Plural nouns

ech –              Mengen  my 
du –                Dengen  your 
hien/hatt –    Sengen his / her 
si –                  Hiren  her
mir –               Eisen our 
Dir/dir –         Ären/ären–  your 
si (pl) –           Hiren  their 

As you can notice these possessive pronouns are very similar to the indefinite articles in the dative case (which you can learn in this lesson).

Let’s practice:

Masculine nouns

Ech sinn d’Marie. Dat ass mäi Mann (masc. noun)  – I am Marie. This is my husband.

Ech gi mengem Mann e Kuss. –   I give a kiss to my husband.

⇒ Ech is the nominative (the person acting)

⇒ e Kuss is the accusative (direct object)

⇒ mengem Mann is the dative (indirect object = the receiver of the direct object)

Neuter nouns

Dat ass mäi Kand (neuter noun). Ech gi mengem Kand e Kuss.
This is my child. I give a kiss to my child.

⇒ mengem Kand is the dative (indirect object = the receiver of the direct object)

Tip:

Learn the most commonly used verbs like  ginn (to give) which always  require the dative case. 

Feminine nouns

Dat ass meng Duechter (fem). Ech gi menger Duechter e Kuss.
This is my daughter. I give a kiss to my daughter.

⇒ menger Duechter  is the dative (indirect object)

Plural nouns

Dat si meng Elteren. Ech gi mengen Eltern e Kuss.
These are my parents. I give a kiss to my parents.

⇒ mengen Elteren (plural noun)

Übung (exercise)

Watch the video so to practice with many many examples –  along with me!

Get the pdf


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