Learn more about Luxembourgish personal pronouns

In the previous lesson  you have learnt:

1 what a personal pronoun is,

2 the difference between du, dir and Dir

3 examples of the personal pronouns in the nominative case

In this lesson we will take a look at several examples of the personal pronouns in the accusative and in the dative case. So, don’t worry, by the end of this lesson Luxembourgish personal pronouns will have become much clearer to you, I promise! ;).

Personal Pronouns In The Accusative Case

Let’s take a look at the Luxembourgish personal pronouns in the accusative case. Use these personal pronouns when they are the object of the sentence.

Pronoun English Example in Luxembourgish Example in English
mech me Hues du mech gär? Do you love me?
dech you (informal singular) Ech hunn dech gär. I love you
hien him Ech hunn hien am Supermarché gesinn. I saw him at the supermarket
hatt her Kanns du hatt gesinn? Can you see her?
Si her (formal) Ech hu Si gëschter getraff. I met her yesterday.
eis/ons us Hien huet eis Bescheed gesot. He has let us know
iech you (informal plural) Mir besichen iech de Weekend. We visit  you on the weekend.
Iech you (formal singular and plural) Ech féieren Iech heem. I will drive you  home
si them Ech hu si scho getraff. I have already met them

 

Listen to this lesson on the “Luxembourgish with Anne podcast” via iTunes

Personal Pronouns In The Dative Case

Luxembourgish personal pronouns also have a dative case form. Always remember to use these when the personal pronouns are indirect objects of a sentence.
Pronoun English Example in Luxembourgish Example in English
mir to me Kanns du mir d’ Salz ginn, w.e.g? Can you pass me the salt, please?
dir to you (informal singular) Jo, ech ginn dir et. Yes, I give it to you
him to him Ech hunn him eppes geschenkt. I offered something to him.
him to her Hues du him de Kaddo ginn? Have you given the gift to her?
hir to her Ech hunn hir vill gehollef. I have helped her a lot.
eis / ons to us Kënnt Dir eis d’Rechnung bréngen, w.e.g.? Can you bring us the bill, please?
iech to you (informal plural) Mir hunn iech Drénkgeld ginn. We have given tips to you.
Iech to you (formal singular and plural) Ech hunn Iech vill ze soen. We have to tell you a lot.
hinnen to them D’Joffer huet hinne vill Bicher geléint The teacher lent them lots of books.

 

Ech, mech oder mir

1 Ech is the subject – the person who does the action in the sentence:

Example: Ech ginn dem Claude d’Buch. I give Claude the book.

2 Mech is the direct object – in the sentence.

Example: De Claude gesäit mech. Claude does see me.

3 Mir is the indirect object – the person who receives the action in the sentence.

   Example: De Claude gëtt mir d’Buch. Claude gives the book to me.

Most people get confused when there are multiple subjects or objects in the sentence, but the rule is still true:

D’Marie an ech hunn de Claude am Kino gesinn. Marie and I saw Claude at the cinema.

d’Marie = subject   /  ech = subject  /  Claude = object

D’Joffer huet d’Sarah a mech geruff. The teacher called Sarah and me.

D’Joffer = subject  /  d’Sarah = object  /  mech = object

Do you now feel comfortable by now with these particular Luxembourgish pronouns? If not, why not go back to the previous lesson and look at the table  which gives you the all-important overview? Use this as your main reference table and then refer to the individual case tables as and when you need more specific examples.

In a future lesson we will focus on the possessive pronouns.

Listen to the weekly lessons on the “Luxembourgish with Anne podcast” via iTunes

Listening and reading at the same time helps you to figure out how to pronounce Luxembourgish. Repeating Luxembourgish words and phrases out loud increases your chance of remembering them.


Easy Luxembourgish – Level 1 is coming soon!

Meanwhile, Listen to the Introductory Episode!